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Everything you need to know about Mithila

Posted by Awadhesh kumar on August 27, 2016 at 2:05 PM Comments comments (5)

Every citizen in our country is familiar to the term MITHILA. The first term which pops into a pro- Hindu’s mind, when talked about Mithila, is none other than Maithili, daughter of King Janak of the Videha dynasty.

We are very well versed with the role of Mithila in Ramayana, one of the largest ancient epics in world literature. But there is a lot more to know about Mithila other than the fact that it was the birthplace of Sita and the province of Raja Janak.

To start with, Mithila is a proposed state in India which borders with the Mithila state of Nepal. Also known as Janakpur and Mithilanagari, Mithila is spread over more than half of Bihar state of India, and parts of adjoining Nepal.

The history of Mithila is very vast. Mithila has been ruled by about 52 Janaks of Videha Dynasty. Nimi was known to be the first mythical king of this region. The most famous king- Seeradhwaja Janak, father of Sita was the 21st Janak of Mithila. Kriti Janak was the last Janak to rule Mithila. It is often rumored that Kirti was dethroned by public under the leadership of Acharyas because of her atrocious behavior. Apart from Videha dynasty, Pala Dynasty, Sena Dynesty, Karnata Dynesty, Oinwar Dynesty and Khandavala Dynesty were the ones to rule Mithila.

Mithila has its own cultural identity having-its own language, major rivers flowing through the region, diversity in festivals, historical memorials and monuments and its famous Madhubani art.

Maithili, an Indo-Aryan language, is spoken in Mithila state of Nepal and Northern India. Written in a Mithila variant of Kaithi, Mithila is the second largest spoken language in Nepal which varies greatly in Dialects.

Flowing from Himalayan Mountains in the north to the Ganges River in the south- Mahananda, Gandak, Kosi, Bagmati, Kamala, Balan, and the Budhi Gandak are the seven major rivers flowing in Mithila.

Mithila is said to be the only culture which is the end result of the convergence of two cultures- Nepalese Culture and Indian Culture. The Mithila region celebrates all of its religious festivals and each festival is unique in style and are characterized by heterogeneity of prayers, rituals and enthusiasms. Ram Navami, Janaki Navami, Fagu, Deewali, Chhaith, Chaurch and, Krishna-Asthami, Jurasital, Dasain, Jitia, Rabi-Sani, Shivratry, Satuain, Sama-Chakeba, etc are some of the festivals which add to the cultural distinction of Mithila.

One of the distinctive features of Mithila is songs. There are songs for every single event- birth, childhood, youth, wedding, meeting, separation, etc. It is said that no culture can match Maithili culture in its abundance of songs.

Some of the awe-inspiring historical monuments and memorials in Mithila are- Chandhradhari Museum, Kaali Temple, Rajnagar Ruins, Vikramshila University ruins, Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Sanctuary.

Chandhradhari Museum located in Darbhanga aims to preserve the ancient art styles and techniques which were used in making a sculpture of metal, painting, arms and armour, etc of Mithila.

The famous Kaali Temple in Madhubani is a place of utmost serenity for all the worshippers of Kaali Maa. Built by the king of Darbhanga, Kaali temple has a marvelous architechture.

Rajnagar Ruins of Madhubani is a ruin of the famous Naulakha Palace that was destroyed in 1934.

Vikramshila University in Bhagalpur was set up by Kind Darbhanga to preach Buddhist philosophy and teachings.

Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Sanctuary in Darbhanga is home to many birds namely- Mail, Lalshar, Dighouch, Nakta, Adhani, Chaha, Silli, Harial, Karan, Gaiber (White and Black) and Ratwa

Nagona Palace,Indra Bhawan , Singh Darwaaja,Kankalini Mandir, Manokamna Mandir, Mazaar of Makhdoom Baba are some other places of historical importance in Mithila.

 

Mithila is most famous for its Madhubani Art. Exact origin of Madhubani art form is unknown although Ancestors have stressed the origin of madhubani during the time when Raja Janak ordered the kingdom to decorate Mithila for the elated occasion of Sita’s Marriage.

Madhubani art has five distinctive styles namely- Bharni, Katchni, Tantrik, Godna and Gobar.

The credit for the official recognition of Madhubani art goes to Sita Devi when she was awarded a State award by the Government of Bihar in 1969 followed by a Padma Shri award to Jagdamba Devi in 1975.

 

Irrespective of so much historic essence attached to Mithila, Mithila is now suffering from the negligence, struggling for existence and seeking maintenance to sustain as a place of historical importance.

Helpless and Hapless monuments of Mithilanchal still await some recognition. These dejected and dishonored monuments, still standing regal and royal, are asking for some attention and battling for existence.

Article by : Payal Ladha

 Produced by MithilanchalGroup

Ram Chatur Mallik, The King of Dhrupad

Posted by Awadhesh kumar on July 2, 2016 at 4:00 PM Comments comments (0)

The artworks of the exhibition “Moolbodh” is related to Mithila in every aspect. Though I have written blogpost on few other artworks but not on the Ram Chatur Mallik. Starting the series of Blogpost associated with the paintings and artworks. This is a consolidated post about Ram Chatur Mallik taken from Wikipedia and Washermans-ajnabi blogpost website.


pic credit: https://panchamkauns.com

Ram Chatur Mallik was an Indian classical musician and an exponent of the Darbhanga gharana of the Dhrupad tradition, one of the oldest genres of Hindustani vocal music. Known to be the last of the court musicians of the Dharbanga court, he was a member of the Mallik family of singers.

Ram Chatur Mallik was born at Amta village, a small hamlet in Darbhanga district in the northern part of the Indian state of Bihar in 1902. At the age of 5 he astonished his elders by repeating a musical composition line for line without having any previous training. From them on his destiny was sealed. He followed in his father’s footsteps as the most prominent singer of Darbhanga court. His family was a family of musicians in the Kartaram lineage, known as the Mallik family of Dhrupad musicians who were court musicians at the Darbhanga court. His father, Ranjit Ram, was a known singer and was credited with the creation of Raga Vinod. Ram Chatur Mallik, the last great court singer of Darbhanga, in northern Bihar, has seen it all and has sung for all of them. Darbhanga was one of the richest princely states, and the late Maharajadiraj Kameshwar Singh owned a fleet of private airplanes, flocks of race dogs, hundreds of elephants, sent his laundry to Paris and invited the Indian and British nobility to tiger hunts and games of polo and tennis. Selected members of the court, among them Ram Chatur Mallik, were taken on trips around the world for which drinking water was supplied from India.

 

He trained classical music under Kshitipal Mallik, a renowned musician of those days, who was also his father's teacher and later under Rameshwar Pathak. After becoming a court musician at the Darbhanga court of Maharaja Kameshwar Singh, he traveled around the world as a performer and as a companion of Raja Bahadur Bishweshwar Singh, the king's younger brother. Ram Chatur Mallik was a close personal companion of Raja Bahadur Bishweshwar Singh, the young brother of the Maharaja. He was a musician himself and devoted his life to the pursuance of the art. The stars of the Indian music world were his regular guests and Ram Chatur Mallik proved to be the match not only in the ancient dhrupad style, but also in khyal and above all in the romantic thumri. He was a close friend of Ustad Amir Khan and Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan.

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His own heritage has been the austere dhrupad, coming to him through his forefathers Radhakrishna and Kataram, who had arrived in Darbhanga towards the end of the 18th century. They had studied their art from Bhupat Khan, descendant of Tansen, the famous singer of medieval Indian history. In 1785 a terrible drought paralyzed north Bihar. Madhav Singh, the rule of Tirhut, as the area was called at the time, asked the two brothers to invoke rain through a magical performance of Raga Malhar. History tells that a downpour so heavy that the two singers were immersed up to their chests, began immediately. Madhav Singh erected a marker that can be seen to this day in front of a Kali temple in the town. The village of Amta and the surrounding area were donated to the brothers by the Raja. The brothers adopted the title, ‘mallik’ (landowner/lord) and the family has lived there in service to the royal family ever since.

 

Mallik was known to be adept at Khyal and Thumri, along with his chosen genre of Dhrupad and was associated with the leading singers of his time such as Ustad Amir Khan and Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan. He followed the Darbhanga gharana of Dhrupad and his virtuosity in the Dhrupad was reported to have earned him the moniker, Dhrupad Samrat. He was honoured by the Government of India in 1970 with Padma Shri, the fourth highest Indian civilian award.

He was active till his death on 13 January 1990. His concerts have been brought out in CD format under the name, Masters Of Raga: The King of Dhrupad - Ram Chatur Mallik In Concert, by Weltm. He passed away on January 13, 1990 in Patna, Bihar.

 

  Produced by MithilanchalGroup

 

Source: http://washermansdog-ajnabi.blogspot.in, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_Chatur_Mallik

 

 

MithilanchalGroup is organizing an exhibition related to Mithila

Posted by Awadhesh kumar on June 5, 2016 at 11:40 AM Comments comments (0)

The most awaited project related to madhubani art will soon be exhibited in Delhi NCR by a few artists from Madhubani and Delhi on 12th June 2016 which is totally sponsered by MithilanchalGroup, an initiative of Antiquecraft Private Limited. It is an initiative to provide a platform to the talented artists. The theme for this exhibition is completely dedicated and related to Mithila. The exhibition will be from 12th of June to 18th of June 2016. Event Poster of Moolbodh

With the title "Moolbodh", this exhibition tries to share a glimpse of Mithila in every possible aspect. You can go to the facebook event page link here . The buyers will have an option to go the product page through scanning the QR Code. We are also organising a 5 day Mithila Painting workshop from 13th june to 17th june during the exhibition. Share more to get help in getting more audiences.

Produced by MithilanchalGroup

Mithilanchal website seeking some volunteers for its different sections

Posted by Awadhesh kumar on June 26, 2015 at 2:40 PM Comments comments (0)

Though I had so many times tried to get attention from the people of mithila through my videos, which I posted on many facebook groups related to activities of maithils containing huge number of maithil members. But I found that most of post got unnoticed or maithil people were not interested in contributing in the various section of our website www.mithila.webs.com whether it is related to blog posts, photos, videos or in other ways. So, today I am writing in a different way to get the attention of maithil people in seeking their contribution in our website. Mithilanchal website is seeking volunteers in contributing their part in its various sections. They can contribute in following ways:-

(a) Volunteer can contribute in blog section by writing blog post on daily/weekly/monthly basis related to various sections e.g. tourism opportunities in mithila, travelogue related to mithila, famous personalities of mithila, articles related to Maithili cinema, festivals story or anything related to mithila. It should be in english.

(b) Volunteer can contribute in photos section by providing photos related to various tourist places or places which can be included in the places of attraction, photos of madhubani painting artists with their name and description of painting (e.g. size, cloth, type etc.) so that it can help them in getting buyers, photos related to various festivals and important persons of mithila. They can also contribute in providing details about the various photos posted in various categories of photo album of website.

(c) Volunteer can contribute in videos section by suggesting videos in Maithili or related to mithila by keeping in mind that it should be free from obscenity. It can be related to culture, festivals, tradition, folk songs, folk dances or favourite clipping of Maithili videos posted on youtube.

(d) Volunteer can discuss various issues related to mithila on forum section of website and make a strategy for their movement related to the development of mithila.

(e) They can also contribute in providing details about the festivals of mithila to get it included in calendar section.

(f) And, finally they can help in getting donations to this website which will be utilized for the welfare of maithils and each and every details of its utilization will be shared.

(g) If, they found something interesting in audio format related to mithila. They can contribute in getting it uploaded in podcast section.

Hope to see some enthusiasts in this regard. Those who want to contribute in any of the above ways can contact us through contact us page of this website or can send their consent on [email protected].

Produced by MithilanchalGroup

 

Five Places of Mithila you must visit

Posted by Awadhesh kumar on March 19, 2015 at 8:35 PM Comments comments (0)

I had been waiting for a long time to write a travelogue for our website and finally today I got some time to write about the beautiful places having the connection with the history and art styles being used in Mithila. In this post I will write about five places you must visit while travelling through Mithila:-

1. Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga

This museum is about a kilometer or at walking distance from Darbhanga Railway station. You can find the ancient sculpture of Mithila, the different art styles and techniques being used in making a sculpture of metal, various decorative art objects, beautiful paintings, arms & armours and textiles in this Museum. Entry was free when I visited this month.Campus is awesome because of digha pokhar. A must visit Museum in Bihar.

2. Kali Temple, Bhaura, Madhubani

This kali temple is near to Police Line, Madhubani carrying the marvelous architecture. Built by the king of Darbhanga. The surroundings adore the temple. You can also find several other beautiful sculptures/idols in other parts of the temple.

3. Rajnagar Ruins, Madhubani

The campus containing various temples, ruins of forts and palaces. It is around 12 kilometers by road but I will suggest to take a train. That’s cheap and economical. You can find the ruins of famous Naulakha Palace. I assure you, you will enjoy your trip while travelling to Rajnagar. This place is famous for ruins of the Naulakha Palace (one of the famous palaces of Maharaja of Darbhanga), that was destroyed in earthquake in 1934.

4. Vikramshila University Ruins, Bhagalpur

Bhagalpur is one of the oldest district of Bihar, located in the eastern part of the state. It was once among the best silk- producing Indian cities, and is still known as ‘Silk City. Sometime in the late 8th Century when Nalanda University somehow started losing its shine, King Dharmapal had set up another site for practise and teaching of Buddhist philosophy and religion. This is known as ‘Vikramshila’ which was a great University in its own right as well as a Buddhist Stupa for prayer. Vikramshila is situated in the Bhagalpur district of Bihar and nearest railway station is Kahalgaon. To see Vikramshila, you need to hire a car from Bhagalpur. Just like Nalanda, this great University also fell before Muslim invasion led by Bakhtiyar Khilji during 1200AD. Bakhtiyar Khilji ensured complete destruction of Vikramshila along with Nalanda.

Pic credit : sagar-sen.blogspot.in

5. Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Sanctuary, Darbhanga

Kusheshwarasthan Bird Sanctuary, spreading over 7019.75 acres is unification of 14 water logged villages situated in Kusheshwarasthan block which comes under Biraul sub-division of Darbhanga region. Kusheshwarasthan Bird Sanctuary is located about 45 kms east of Darbhanga town. One can avail local transport service of buses or can hire taxi from Darbhanga or can also drive in by car via road to visit this famous bird sanctuary.

Pic credit : darbhangaonline.in

One can meet several species of birds in this sanctuary and some of the local birds of this region are Mail, Lalshar, Dighouch, Nakta, Adhani, Chaha, Silli, Harial, Karan, Gaiber (White and Black) and Ratwa which can be found in Kusheshwarasthan Bird Sanctuary. Apart from local birds of the region, a large number of migratory birds also come here as 'Winged Guests' for stay in winter season during November to March.

Produced by MithilanchalGroup

 


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